Inside how NFL players have blamed CTE for murder and rape.

Following reports that former 49ers defensive back Phillip Adams suffered from CTE before going on a killing spree, the horrific condition is once again making headlines for its links to violent crime.

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a disease caused by repeated blows to the head that is commonly associated with professional athletes.

Repeated head trauma causes the condition, which can lead to violent behavior and paranoia. Phillip Adams, Kellen Winslow, Aaron Hernandez, and even OJ Simpson have been blamed for a string of horrific crimes.

In 2017, Boston University researchers examined the brains of 111 deceased NFL players and discovered evidence of the disease in 110 of them.

According to the research, at least 50% of NFL football players have CTE, according to Christopher Nowinski, a former pro wrestler who co-founded Boston University's CTE Center.

"Our study in 2017 of NFL brains donated between 2008 and 2015 found that 99 percent of those brains had CTE," he said.

"Those brains came from nearly 10% of NFL players who died during that time period."

"Based on that data, there's an interesting analysis that shows it's very unlikely that the prevalence of CTE in NFL players is less than 50%," Nowinski said.

Adams, a former 49ers defensive back, shot himself after gunning down Dr. Robert Lesslie, his wife, their two young grandkids, and two workers at the property.

The 70-year-old doctor and his wife, Barbara Lesslie, 69, were pronounced dead at the scene, according to the York County coroner's office, along with grandchildren Adah Lesslie, 9, and Noah Lesslie, 5.

James Lewis, 38, and Robert Shook, 38, were the fifth and sixth victims, respectively.

They were said to be working at the house at the time of the attack.

Following the massacre, Adams killed himself in a bedroom in his parents' home, according to the York County Sheriff's Office.

Adams had stage two CTE that was "unusually" severe in both frontal lobes, according to an autopsy and further investigation.

Adams' CTE was similar to Aaron Hernandez's, according to Dr. Ann McKee.

"He was becoming more paranoid, he was having more difficulty with his memories, and he was very likely engaging in more and more compulsive behaviors," McKee said.

"He lived largely alone, and while this may not have been noticed, I doubt it was completely out of the blue."

According to the coroner, Adams also complained of excruciating pain and had trouble sleeping.

Adams had at least two concussions during his NFL career.

Kellen Winslow Jr, an ex-NFL star, was sentenced to 14 years in prison in March 2021 for rapping five women, including a homeless 58-year-old woman.

Winslow Jr, the son of Hall of Fame receiver Kellen Winslow of the San Diego Chargers, reportedly blamed his offenses against five women in Southern California on the head injuries he sustained throughout his career.

Forcible rape, rape of an unconscious person, assault with intent to commit rape, indecent exposure, and lewd conduct in public were all found guilty of the father of two.

"This is somebody who has been allowed to use his financial privilege and celebrity to evade jail while awaiting trial, which is when he victimized me," one victim, a 77-year-old woman, said.

His attacks began in 2003 and lasted until June of this year.

On the basis of Winslow Jr's history of head trauma, his attorneys compiled a 22-page statement requesting the least amount of possible prison time, according to USA Today.

The football player had symptoms consistent with CTE, according to a clinical psychologist, and the behavior could be linked to the over 1,000 head blows Winslow Jr received during his football career.

Despite his celebrity, the paranoid Hernandez slept with knives and drove around in an armored car with hidden compartments filled with guns and rifles.

In June 2013, the NFL star shot and killed his friend Odin Lloyd in an industrial park near his home, and was later arrested and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

He was also charged with the double homicide of two other people, but he was acquitted.

Hernandez shocked the world even more when he committed suicide in his prison cell.

He had severe CTE, which resulted in a lack of impulse control, paranoia, and rage behaviors, according to an autopsy.

OJ Simpson, who was acquitted of two homicide charges, claims he has brain trauma as a result of his NFL career.

In 1994, Simpson allegedly killed his ex-wife Nicole Brown and her friend Ron Goldman in a knife attack, for which he was later found liable in civil court.

In 2007, the footballer-turned-actor was sentenced to prison for kidnapping and robbery.

Nicole's journals, which have been discovered, detail up to 60 different alleged beatings.

OJ has previously denied ever hitting his wife, claiming she hit him "numerous times."

Simpson claimed Nicole lied in her journals and told others that he had beaten her when he testified in 1996.

According to The Daily Mail, which cited copies of the journal entries, she claims Simpson beat her for the first time in 1978, and that he battered her for hours, ripped off her clothes, and smashed her car with a baseball bat over a 16-year period.

According to one diary entry, Simpson began beating her on the way home from a birthday party for two friends.

"He threw me on the floor, hit me, kicked me, and we went to the hotel where he beat me for hours while I crawled for the door," the entry says.

The shocking diaries were reportedly discovered alongside photographs of Nicole's injuries and grovelling apology letters allegedly from Simpson in a safety deposit box.

During the original trial, a judge dismissed the documents as hearsay.

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